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Many enthusiastic homeschool parents will easily spend $500 - $1,000 on a complete Kindergarten homeschool curriculum. For some, comfort comes in knowing you've gotten your child off to a good start - and that justifies the cost for many families.

While there are certain essential skills necessary to acquire in the early elementary years, few topics are absolutely required for five year olds. Knowing your alphabet and the sounds that letters make are pre-requisites for being able to read. However, there are some widely regarded educational models that don't believe children under 7 should begin reading instruction.

"Scope and sequence" are documents that spell out the order in which a child should learn certain subjects. Every state creates their own scope and sequence for each subject area, from pre-Kindergarten through 12th grade.

While many of the goals and objectives are based on brain development and acquired skills, the grade placement of some topics still wind up being arbitrary. For example, no developmental rationale exists for why 2nd graders have to learn about the life cycle of frogs and 3rd graders learn about clouds.

Homeschooling Kindergarten

Whether you choose an eclectic curriculum or will let playtime be your child's teacher, you can guide your Kindergarten year with a basic understanding of specific academic content that is generally acquired at the age of 5.


  1. Know the letters of the alphabet and the sounds they make, including short and long vowels, hard and soft consonants, blends, digraphs, and dipthongs.
  2. Sound out C-V-C and C-V-Ce words
  3. Read at least 50 sight words, such as I, the, is, an, and, this, was, were, color words, number words for one - ten, and days of the week
  4. Make and repeat rhyming words and alliteration
  5. Clap out syllables in words
  6. Build an extended speaking vocabulary
  7. Understand the concepts of print, in how a book opens and how text flows
  8. Begin to use before-, during-, and after-reading strategies, such as making predictions, using pictures to extract meaning, and recalling information from text
  9. Listen to a variety of text, including fiction books, poetry, nonfiction books, magazines, newspapers, multimedia (websites), recipes, signs, posters, and labels
  10. Identify characters, setting, and the plot of a story


  1. Practice proper pencil grip
  2. Practice proper formation for upper and lower case print letters
  3. Use descriptive language
  4. Dictate, draw, or write about experiences, personal ideas, or a topic of interest
  5. Use basic capitalization and punctuation
  6. Use subject/verb agreement and proper verb tense
  7. Use noun/pronoun agreement


  1. Identify, make, and build patterns using manipulatives, pictures, sound, and numbers
  2. Identify and name digits 0 - 9
  3. Count to at least 20
  4. Count backwards from 10
  5. Add and subtract equations up to 20 without carrying or borrowing
  6. Use a number line
  7. Identify and name basic coins
  8. Understand the concept of one-half
  9. Use ordinal position to demonstrate understanding of first to fifth position
  10. Identify, describe, and sort geometric figures, such as square, rectangle, triangle, diamond, circle, and oval
  11. Compare, describe, and order objects in terms of small, big, and biggest, for length, height, and weight; as well as cold, warm, and hot for temperature
  12. Identify and describe measurements of day, in terms of morning, afternoon, and night; days of the week; months of the year; and seasons
  13. Learn how to collect data for simple survey questions (ex- what is your favorite fruit) using a tally mark system
  14. Read, describe, and compare data on bar and picture graphs


  1. Begin to provide factual reasons to the question: How do you kow that?
  2. Build models using simple materials, such as construction paper, cardboard, tape, and markers
  3. Build oral and written observation skills in a variety of settings to describe things like
    • Rocks, soil, trees, and water
    • Sun, moon, and stars
    • Changes in weather
    • Classes of animals, such as dogs and cats
  4. Investigate places where plants and animals live and describe differences in location, activity, features, and movement
  5. Identify characteristics that support a variety of life, such as air, space, food, and shelter
  6. Examine the life cycle of plants and animals. (ex- frogs, butterflies, and lima beans are all good experiments you can do at home)
  7. Explore and identify how objects move -
    • Along different paths, such as straight or curved
    • To change direction
    • To speed up or slow down
    • In response to pushes or pulls
  8. Observe and describe the effects of magnets
  9. Observe and describe the effects of sound and vibrations from a variety of objects (ex- people, musical instruments, objects) in a variety of settings (ex- closed room, open auditorium, outdoors)


  1. Identify American, safety, and universal symbols and their meaning
  2. Identify and describe a variety of holidays celebrated in our country
  3. Describe the roles, rights, responsibilities, and rules of being a member of your family and community
  4. Identify and describe the roles of various community workers, such as police officers, fire fighters, postal workers, farmers, and various service industry workers
  5. Identify physical features on a globe and map
  6. Identify oceans and continents
  7. Identify and describe different land forms, such as hills, mountains, rivers, streams, lakes, and ponds
  8. Identify and describe man-made features, such as buildings, streets, and bridges
  9. Identify and describe farm-to-table processes for foods we eat
  10. Explain different methods of transportation for land, water, and air for animals, people, and products
  11. Describe the difference between wants and needs
  12. Recognize the value of goods and services is effected by different factors and that goods can be acquired with money, bartering, or self-work
  13. Build timelines that distinguish between past, present, and future within one's own life and in a historical context


  1. Build computer skills learning mouse control, clicking, and basic keyboard entry
  2. Begin to learn how to navigate kid-friendly websites to discover new information, watch video clips, and practice skills through the use of educational online games


  1. Identify, describe and use color, lines, shapes, and texture in art
  2. Identify, describe, and create various works of art, such as drawing, painting, and sculpture
  3. Observe art in various settings and discuss its form, elements and your reaction to the art


  1. Demonstrate locomotor skills that include walking, jogging, running, hopping, and jumping
  2. Demonstrate non-locomotor skills that include bending, pulling, stretching, twisting, turning, pushing, and swinging at various speeds, patterns, and direction
  3. Demonstrate manipulation skills by rolling, throwing, and bouncing balls of various sizes
  4. Demonstrate balance in walking and standing on one foot
  5. Engage in regular physical activity, such as biking, swimming, T-ball, or soccer
  6. Demonstrate good sportsmanship through cooperation and respect of others

Remember, this list is not a must-do. Some children refuse to learn how to read because they aren't ready to give up that special snuggle time that comes when a parent reads to them. For others, their refusal may be due to difficulties relating to an undiagnosed learning disability.


April 04, 2020



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