Teaching With This Movie:The movie Braveheart is considered to be extremely historically inaccurate. For example, (1) Scottish warriors during the time of William Wallace did not use war paint nor did they wear tartan; (2) Isabella of France would have been a toddler and not at all capable of having a love affair with William Wallace; and (3) most historians believe that Jus Primae Noctis, the “right of first night”, was only a myth and not actually a thing the feudal lords did. Research “Braveheart historical inaccuracies” and create a fact versus fiction list.
Idea #2:One of the inspirations for this movie is the epic poem, The Actes and Deidis of the Illustre and Vallyeant Campioun Schir William Wallace, written by Harry the Blind in the 1470s. For centuries, this epic, also known as The Wallace Poem, was the most widely read book in Scotland, second only to the bible. Search for a translation of the poem. After you read it, see if you can identify the inaccuracies within the poem.
Idea #3:Scotland fought a series of wars for independence with the Kingdom of England throughout the 13th and 14th centuries. The two countries became politically united in 1707. In 2014, the Scottish people held a vote for independence from Great Britain. Over 85% of the people came out to vote, but the referendum lost by about 5%. What political issues continue to threaten the Scotland-England partnership today?
Idea #4:Research the history and structure of Scottish clans. What is the significance of clans at the family and political level. Did this differ between the Scottish Highlands and Lowlands? Do clans continue to have influence today?